IATA research has found significant differences in how EU member states are managing travel:
- Around 30% of states using the EU Digital Covid Certificate (DCC) are not accepting rapid testing
- 19% of states are not exempting children from testing requirements
- 41% of states are not allowing vaccinated travelers from non-EU ‘White-List’ countries to enter
- For the Passenger Locator Forms, 45% accept it online, while 33% accept paper and online submissions. But 11% only accept paper, and a further 11% have no locator forms at all.
Specifically, with regard to harmonizing requirements around the DCC, IATA and other stakeholders have urged EU states to:
- Conduct DCC verification digitally before passengers arrive at the airport, to limit operational disruptions and give certainty to passengers that they are ready to fly. Germany and Spain are two countries observing best practice in this area.
- Develop a state portal to facilitate DCC verification directly by national authorities and limit health data processing by airlines.
- Integrate digital Passenger Locator Forms into a state portal for DCC verification, which is not currently the case in 80% of European countries.
- Universal acceptance of rapid testing in place of expensive and unnecessary PCR tests
- Universal exemption of minors from testing and vaccination requirements, and
- The universal opening of borders to vaccinated passengers and to allow travelers from low-risk countries to enter Europe without restriction (or with proof of a negative test from non-vaccinated travelers).
- The Netherlands, Estonia, Slovenia and Spain are leading the way in aligning these policies.